ACLU Says Review of Ticket Blitz Investigation Doesn't go Far Enough

The RIACLU is asking Cranston Mayor Allan W. Fung to launch a full-scale independent investigation.

The Rhode Island Chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union is calling upon Cranston Mayor Allan W. Fung to launch a broader investigation into the parking ticket controversy that is under internal review by the Police Department.

Fung did hire an independent investigator to review the police department's own internal investigation, but in a Dec. 2 letter to the mayor, Steve Brown of the ACLU said that the review doesn't go far enough.

"The appointment of an outside professional investigator merely to review the report that is ultimately prepared by the Department’s Internal Affairs division is a far cry from an independent investigation," Brown wrote.

The issue revolves around whether police were ordered to aggressively ticket the neighborhoods served by Wards 1 and 3 Councilmen Steve Styocs and Paul Archetto the night after they voted to reject a new police union contract at a Nov. 14 Finance Committee meeting.

"We have an assumption that policing is fair, that policing is even handed and I think it's outrageous that there has been an apparent attempt at intimidating me directly," Stycos said. "What these tickets say to every member of the council is 'don't mess with the police department because they'll mess with you and that's not what we want from our police department.'"

The contract in question was rejected by the Finance Committee in a 4-3 vote — a major blow to both the union and mayor's office, which now find themselves looking at another round of negotiations.

Council members who voted against the contract took issue with a provision that gave substantial raises to ranking members of the departments (sergeants, lieutenants and captains) that equate to an 11.5 percent pay hike over three years. The union argued that the raises were to bring ranking officers' salaries in line with neighboring cities and towns like Warwick and South Kingstown.

Fung, who is also running for Governor, said  his "administration takes any allegations of police misconduct seriously,” and "due to the political nature of these allegations, an outside review is essential to maintain the reputation of our police Department and faith of our citizens in its integrity and professionalism.  Once the internal investigation has been completed and the independent review completed, we will address any evidence of wrongdoing. If these allegations are found to have merit, the citizens of Cranston can expect swift and decisive action from this office.”

Fung said during his time as a resident, councilman and mayor in Cranston, he's always held the police department in high regard and is extremely grateful for the dedication and hard work of the men and women who serve our city," but, "I will not permit the actions of a few, under any circumstances, to tarnish the reputation of the entire department."

Here's the full text of the letter:

A number of Cranston residents have been in touch with us to complain about the apparent retaliation taken against two City Council members for their vote in November on a police union contract. Because this controversy raises significant First Amendment issues, and concomitant questions about potential abuse of police authority, we have been following the story with great interest. I am writing you to raise some concerns, and seek more information, about the City’s investigation of this incident.

While we differ on your decision to have these allegations directly investigated internally, rather than independently, we assume you have no plans to reconsider that decision. In light of that fact, however, we do have questions about the thoroughness with which the outside investigator you have hired will be able to review what happened, and the level of transparency that will be maintained in reporting to the public on the results of these investigations.

The evidence gathered by Councilor Steve Stycos – that his and Councilor Archetto’s districts were singled out for a parking ticket enforcement blitz shortly after voting against the police union contract – seems rather compelling. According to news reports, he was also provided information suggesting that this apparent retaliatory enforcement was not just the action of rogue street officers, but may have been ordered by a higher-ranking officer. It is therefore not surprising that there would be questions as to whether allegations of this level of seriousness should be left to an internal police department investigation. The appointment of an outside professional investigator merely to review the report that is ultimately prepared by the Department’s Internal Affairs division is a far cry from an independent investigation.

While we do not wish to prejudge the depth of the investigation that will be conducted by the police department, an “independent” review of the department’s investigation simply cannot provide the public anywhere near the same level of confidence that an actual independent investigation could. This concern is heightened by the ambiguous scope of, and apparent limits on, the outside investigator’s assignment.

In your news release announcing Mr. Stephens’s appointment, you make clear that the investigator’s role will not be to conduct any sort of independent or additional investigation, but instead merely to “confirm that all facts and circumstances are examined thoroughly and professionally.” Put another way, you state that his role will be to “review the IA report to ensure that it is complete, thorough and that its finding are supported by facts and that the facts in turn support its conclusions.” But, to give just one example of the severe limitations this imposes, it will be impossible for him to know whether all leads given to the Department were followed up if those leads are mentioned nowhere in the report that he is given to review.

In other words, while the findings of a report can indeed be supported by facts which lead to inevitable conclusions, that begs the question of whether all the relevant facts were relied upon and reported in the first place. If not, the findings are rather meaningless, as is their “review.” Your news release fails to explain how this conundrum is expected to be addressed by the investigator. We therefore urge you to provide clarification as to how this “independent” review is designed to operate, and what information, if any, the investigator will be privy to beyond that provided in the police department’s own report.

That leads to another concern. Under all these circumstances, the greatest possible transparency in this investigation and its review and conclusions is crucial. However, in the Providence Journal article announcing your hiring of Mr. Stephens, your chief of staff mentioned that the Law Enforcement Officers’ Bill of Rights (LEOBR) could limit the information that is released as a result of the investigation. This caveat, combined with the concern expressed above, is quite troubling.

If the goal of the internal investigation and the oversight review is to get to the truth of what happened, the public must feel confident that, whatever the results, a “thorough and professional” investigation has indeed been conducted. It can do so only if the greatest level of transparency is offered. Thus, in addition to ensuring that the independent investigator has direct access to all relevant information, not just what is included in the department’s own report, it is imperative that the public is also given access to the information leading to the department and investigator’s conclusions.

Of course, we understand that if disciplinary proceedings ensue against any officers, the LEOBR limits the public statements that the City may be able to issue about them. But, except perhaps for the redaction of certain names, nothing should prevent full disclosure of your investigator’s review and findings. It would be unfortunate indeed if this investigation ended up being shrouded in secrecy, for that inevitably will undermine any confidence in the process that it was designed to promote. We would therefore appreciate your clarifying Mr. Lopez’s remarks and advising what your plans are in providing to the public the results of Mr. Stephens’s investigation and the information underlying those results.

Any clarification you could provide on these two important matters would be greatly appreciated. Thank you in advance for your attention to this, and I look forward to hearing back from you about it. 


Councilmen Say Their Wards Mass-Ticketed in Retaliation for Police Contract Vote

After voting against a new police contract, Councilmen Steve Stycos and Paul Archetto say their wards were targeted by a rash of tickets in retaliation.

Fung: "I Do Not Condone Any Type of Intimidating Behavior"

Cranston Mayor Allan W. Fung has responded to allegations of abuse of power at the Cranston Police Department over a flurry of parking tickets that two city councilmen say were issued in retribution against their votes.

Map of Tickets Appears to Support Councilmens' Claims

According to this map of addresses where tickets were issued in the hours following the contract vote, there appears to be plausible evidence to support those claims.

Were you ticketed? Here's the List

Look closely and click "download PDF" next to the image to check out the addresses.

Fung Taps Independent Investigator to Review Police Ticket Blitz

Cranston Mayor Fung announced that he has hired a private investigator to review the police department's own internal review of "allegations of improper use of police authority," according to a release.

Bob January 06, 2014 at 10:39 PM
Mayor Fung had a chance to make a statement and look like a leader and get this signed sealed and delivered with the proper people being dealt with properly...Instead he takes the fraud politicians way out....duck and run......Leader he is not...Governor he will NOT be
Suzanne Arena January 06, 2014 at 11:35 PM
If you want to show transparency and accountability ....then you have 'Internal Affairs' investigate? Then you have another outside source, your friend to also investigate. REALLY?>> This makes NO SENSE - State Police would be my best guess. I know the Mayor would have been well received if this was handled properly in the beginning. Don't lose sight of the fact that YOUR Councilmember voted on your behalf for this police union contract of 11.5% raise over 3 years. While I do agree our police deserve a raise, I do not feel those numbers are fair under the economic recession we have been under.
Becca January 07, 2014 at 06:51 AM
State police needs to get invovled! theres plenty more to dig up here in Cranston!
Robert E January 07, 2014 at 05:23 PM
The State Police are hardly independant they work hand in hand with the local police on a regular basis. In a state this size local and state police are all part of the same brotherhood. This is an issue that should be investagated by the FBI or some other out of state agency.
Suzanne Arena January 07, 2014 at 08:23 PM
The FBI, yes. I'm from Boston area originally and we had a great Chief there that knew the cops were mostly on the take and there was a lot of corruption (not insinuating that's the case here), he set up situations and busted the Police up and charged the bad ones and they lost their pensions etc. Then after he cleaned up there...he went to NYC. Yes, RI is too small and it must have Oversight from outside investigators - agreed.


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